Case Studies

Creating a Better Business Environment in Nigeria

By Teodora Mihaylova

Since 2008, the Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE) in Nigeria has focused on fostering a better business environment through regional public private dialogue initiatives in the North Central Zone and Southeastern parts of the country, encompassing a total of seven states. Nigeria’s federal system of governance has allowed CIPE and local partners to focus their work on regional and local level advocacy initiatives as they create the best opportunity for reform.

Instituting Improvements in Public Governance in the Philippines

By John Morrell

At a conference held in Manila in 2013, the city of San Fernando presented the results of its work with the Institute for Solidarity in Asia (ISA), CIPE’s longtime public governance partner in the Philippines.

Improving the Environment for Entrepreneurship in Nepal

By Sarita Sapkota, Teodora Mihaylova

In 2006, Nepal emerged from a decade long insurgency and centuries-old monarchical governance. The country was undergoing a transition to democracy, characterized by elections and the adoption of a new constitution. Recognizing an opening in this new political context Samriddhi, The Prosperity Foundation was established to start a discourse on issues and agendas that help democracy deliver - a component that has been largely missing during past democratic transitions.

Samriddhi focused on expanding people’s access to economic opportunities primarily through the promotion of entrepreneurship, economic policy reform and improvement of the business environment. In order to strengthen the environment for entrepreneurship, Samriddhi employed a two-pronged approach. First, Samriddhi’s Arthalaya School of Economics and Entrepreneurship program educated and trained hundreds of aspiring university students on topics such as markets and policies and offered participants an opportunity to gain practical entrepreneurial skills. Second, Samriddhi’s initiatives known as the Nepal Economic Growth Agenda (NEGA) aimed to improve the policy environment for entrepreneurship.

Developing Entrepreneurial Talent and Leadership Among Youth in Peru

By Brent Ruth

Since the early 2000s Peru has seen a period of sustained economic growth and poverty reduction, as well as three successive transitions of power via democratic elections. Despite this, not everyone believes their lives have improved as a result of democracy and free markets in their current form. The benefits of growth are unevenly distributed and have centered on the capital, Lima, while nearly half the population in the Andean and Amazonian regions of the country is still living below the poverty line. Public services have also not improved in many places.

Fostering a Culture of Public Private Dialogue in Moldova

By Teodora Mihaylova

The National Business Agenda (NBA) network is the leading voice of private business and advocate for the implementation of pro-growth economic policy in Moldova. Through the adoption of the National Business Agenda, the Institute for Development Social Initiatives (IDSI) institutionalized a culture of public private dialogue and encouraged greater transparency and inclusiveness in the policymaking process.

Tashabos: An Education in Entrepreneurship

By Xiaohang Liu

Focusing on Afghanistan’s development after decades of war, the Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE) has helped prepare thousands of Afghan youth to participate in the revival of their economy. Back in the 1970s, General Motors published a textbook in Spanish called Empresa: How the Private Enterprise System Works. Its goal was to teach Latin American employees the principles of market economics and free enterprise. Subsequently adopted by the U.S.

Reform of the Trade Organization Ordinance

By Kim Eric Bettcher

Recognizing the importance of the legal framework for Pakistan’s trade bodies, the Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE) prompted legal reform in 2006 to address the problem of overregulated, inactive chambers of commerce. As in many other countries, Pakistan’s legal system exerted strong influence on the responsiveness of chambers and associations to member needs and the quality of governance in the business community.

Overcoming Exclusion

By John Zemko, Martin Friedl

From 2004 to 2007, the National Economic Research Center (CIEN) changed the perception of the informal sector in Guatemala and influenced reforms that encouraged business registration and property formalization. Three-quarters of Guatemala’s work force, and the majority of the indigenous population, operated in the informal sector. Because the state was never designed to serve informal sector groups, it excluded them from legal, economic, and policy processes.

Fighting Corruption Through Tax Reform

By Ngozika Amalu

After the fall of the Soviet Union, a lack of transparency and accountability in the Armenian fiscal system, together with unclear and duplicative terms of taxation, allowed officials to manipulate the system while placing businesses in constant violation of ambiguous laws. Abuse of tax laws in Armenia seriously impaired the business and investment environment and stalled the democratic process.

Raising Standards through Scorecards

By Catherine Tai

Following the Asian financial crisis in 1997, the international community witnessed an emerging focus on corporate governance as a way to guard against further crises. In the Philippines, the Institute of Corporate Directors (ICD) has since become the leading training institution in corporate governance and directorship. ICD developed an innovative scorecard system that establishes uniform standards for companies and motivates continuous improvement.

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